In 1919, South Tyrol was awarded to Italy in the Treaty of Saint-Germain, although this actually contradicted the peoples’ right of self-determination proclaimed by the victorious powers.
Armed resistance began and the region was in turmoil until around 1969. In other words, Andreas Hofer rose again, not as a model but as a symbol of a free and unified Tyrol.
Some political groups claim that the definition of autonomy and the implementation of autonomy do not match up.
Meanwhile, South Tyrol is considered a model example of the autonomy of ethnic minorities and shows how a peaceful coexistence of different cultural and linguistic groups is possible even in a very conflict-filled past. This also gives hope to other regions of Europe and the world, which still have this difficult road ahead of them.
Chrystyna Lucyk-Berger is the author of the Reschen Valley series, a five-part series spanning the history of the South Tyrolean conflict and the building of the Reschen Lake Reservoir (a story unto itself) from 1920-1961.